Ludwig van Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) - a German and Austrian classical composer. Ludwig van Beethoven is one of the greatest composers in the world for all time. His most famous, influential and popular works are symphonies, piano sonatas and piano concertos. His teachers were Christian Gottlob Neefe, Joseph Haydn, Antonio Salieri and Johann Albrechtsberger. He was a teacher and friend of Ferdinand Ries.
Douglas Adams mentioned famous melody from Symphony No. 5 in his humorous novel The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: "Desperately he grabbed for the only bit of culture he knew offhand - he hummed the first bar of Beethoven's Fifth. 'Da da da dum! Doesn't that stir anything in you?' "
Symphony No. 5 in C minor
Symphony No. 6 in F major, Op. 68 "Pastoral"
Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major, Op. 55 "Eroica"
Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125
Symphony No. 7 in A major, Op. 92
Symphony No. 8 in F Major, Op. 93
Symphony No. 4 in B-flat major, Op. 60
Symphony No. 2 in D major, Op. 36
We highly recommend to buy the great version of Beethoven's symphonies, with all symphonies by Mahler, Tchaikovsky, Sibelius, Schumann, Brahms, Bernstein, and some other symphonies:
Leonard Bernstein: The Symphony Edition
Piano Concerto No. 4 in G major, Op. 58
Piano Concerto No. 1 in C major, op. 15
Piano Concerto No. 5 in E-flat major, Op. 73 "Emperor"
Violin Concerto in D major, Op. 61
Piano Concerto No. 3 in C minor, Op. 37
Concerto for Violin, Cello, and Piano in C major, Op. 56
We highly recommend to buy the greatest version of Piano Concerto No. 4 by Beethoven (with Piano Concerto No. 5), Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra conducted by Bernard Haitink with the impeccable Claudio Arrau on piano:
Best Piano Sonatas
Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2 "Moonlight"
Piano Sonata No. 17 in D minor "Tempest", Op. 31, No. 2
Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor "Appassionata", Op. 57
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor "Pathetique", Op. 13
Piano Sonata No. 13 in E-flat major "Quasi una fantasia", Op. 27, No. 1
Piano Sonata No. 31 in A flat major, Op. 110
Piano Sonata No. 12 in A-flat major, Op. 26
Piano Sonata No. 18 in E-flat major, Op. 31, No. 3
We highly recommend to buy 12 CDs with the great performance of complete Piano Sonatas and Piano Concertos by Beethoven, with the incomparable Friedrich Gulda on piano: